Archive for the ‘Electric Vehicle news’ Category

Consumers Are Coming Around on Electric Vehicles

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Consumers Are Coming Around on Electric Vehicles

As prices drop and technologies improve, electric vehicles are now set to become a mainstay on U.S. roads and even in the U.S. military.  Though adoption rates for the technology are clearly on the way up, manufacturers will still have to convince Americans that electric vehicles are cost effective, safe, and reliable.

Market research firm Navigant Research today released a survey report showing that American opinions on alternative-fuel vehicles are steadily improving.  The firm found that around 67% of those surveyed now view hybrid vehicles favorably and that 61% now view plug-in electric vehicles favorably.  Natural gas vehicles were also found to be viewed favorably by around 56% of those surveyed.

The survey also found that consumers looking for alternative-fuel vehicles are most concerned about saving money.  Fuel efficiency was a top concern for potential buyers, followed by other factors such as performance and the size of such vehicles.

Though the industry has obviously hit a tipping point, Navigant also found that manufacturers will have to work hard to build awareness for their brands.  The survey found that less than half (44%) of respondents knew of the Chevrolet Volt.  Awareness for other brands was even lower, with less than 33% having knowledge of the Tesla Model S, Nissan Leaf, and BMW i3.

“Two-thirds of consumers surveyed stated that they believe EVs have unique features that stand out from their gasoline counterparts, and 6 out of 10 agreed that EVs are much less expensive to own in the long run than gasoline cars,” said Dave Hurst, principal research analyst at Navigant.  “While those are encouraging numbers, it’s clear that automakers still have a long way to go in marketing these vehicles to the wider car-buying public.”

(Image courtesy Tesla Motors)

 

These 5 things need to happen before electric cars really go mainstream

By Lydia DePillis, Published: September 19 at 4:18 pm

The Washington Post

https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2013/09/19/these-5-things-need-to-happen-before-electric-cars-really-go-mainstream/

In 1997, the world’s first real consumer-oriented electric car — the Prius — debuted in Japan. Sixteen years and many new models later, electric cars have stayed stubbornly at about 2 percent of global sales for light vehicles, which Navigant Research projects will only grow to 3 percent by 2020. Tesla may be doing well, but their $70,000 car won’t reach the masses anytime soon. Chevrolet’s Volt has had a rough ride, sales of Nissan’s Leaf have disappointed, several battery companies have failed, and Israel’s battery-swapping BetterPlace went under. Just this week, a car charging company that had received a $99 million federal grant went bankrupt.

But the sector is far from dead. The past few weeks have seen something of a boom in rollouts of new electric cars: General Motors is developing a $30,000 vehicle that can go 200 miles on a single charge, BMW is plans to launch the i3 this fall, and Volkswagen says it will bring an electric compact to the United States within two years. The all-electric Fiat just went on saleCadillac, Audi and Mercedes have prototypes as well.

Is the sudden proliferation a sign that electric cars are actually moving into the fast lane? Maybe. But there are still a bunch of pieces that need to fall into place before we’ll see very widespread adoption. Here’s what has to happen.

1. Batteries need to get cheaper. 

A battery for an electric car still costs as much as most regular cars — about $12,000 – $15,000 each. As Brad wrote back in May, that’s in part because they’re not like computer chips: You can only fit so many ions in the available space, so we’ll need a real chemistry breakthrough to increase their energy density.

It’s possible, though, that this is just a question of scale. McKinsey thinks the cost of batteries could be cut in half by 2020, as more factories come online to produce them, and Deutsche Bank sees car batteries declining in price the same way laptop batteries did. If China gets serious about reducing emissions, the scale problem could be solved — the problem then would be keeping up with demand.

2. Drivers need to believe they won’t be stranded.

Right now, only California has a substantial number of charging stations, which means it’s difficult to take a long-distance drive with your plug-in electric car. The Department of Energy dispensed a few million dollars for charging stations, but they can’t pay for all that are needed — the Center for Automotive Research estimates that charging infrastructure costs $2,160 per hybrid electric vehicle. In California, employers are increasingly offering charging stations to their staff, and NRG is starting to sell stations to anybody else who wants them. But it’s not like a gas station, where you can make a living selling fuel — these will have to be installed as amenities in workplaces and residences, or as part of government-driven efforts to string them along highways.

If electric vehicles really replace millions of gas-powered ones, they’ll also start to suck up more electricity than the grid can handle, which makes distributed generation — wind and solar energy, for example — much more important.

3. Policy supports need to expand, and not disappear unpredictably.

Over the years, America’s federal and state governments have enacted quite a few supportive policies for alternative energy — tax incentives, direct subsidies, fuel economy and renewable portfolio standards, high-occupancy vehicle lanes, etc. Particularly important, right now, is a California rule that actually requires large auto manufacturers to either produce zero emissions vehicles or buy credits from those who do. While it would help to see those kinds of programs be implemented on a federal level or even by more states, the fact that they exist in one of the United States’s biggest markets will kick-start production.

People in the alternative fuel industry know that incentives, which currently make electric cars much cheaper than they’d otherwise be, won’t stick around forever. Unpredictable disappearances, though, can be devastating. That’s what happened repeatedly to the wind industry, as tax credits expired again and again during partisan energy policy fights in Washington:

Screen Shot 2013-09-19 at 2.52.39 PM“Policy certainty is necessary for a length of time,” says Phyllis Cuttino, director of the Clean Energy Program at the Pew Charitable Trusts, which put out a report after hearing from the industry. “They said, ‘We only want it until we become cost competitive. And then, let us go.'”

4. Gas prices need to get high and stay high.

Auto manufacturers convince customers that the higher sticker price of an electric vehicle pays for itself over time through savings on gasoline, and that calculus looks better the more expensive gas gets. Unfortunately for the near term future of electric cars, gas is projected to stay steady for a while, which means batteries need to get cheap as quickly as possible.

chart

5. More people need to try electric cars.

People who’ve driven electric cars tend to understand they’re a lot like regular ones. Car sharing programs like Zipcar, which have introduced some electric vehicles as part of their fleets, are a good way to make the introduction.

“It’s one of the things that we see when we ask people about these technologies. If people have seen and experienced technologies, they are much more likely to consider them,” says Pew’s Cuttino. “If you are out west and you see a million wind turbines, you’re going to understand wind energy.”

Nissan Pledges Autonomous Production Car by 2020

Nissan Pledges Autonomous Production Car by 2020

Nissan plans to introduce a production self-driving automobile by 2020, company CEO Carlos Ghosn announced earlier this week at the company’s American headquarters in Irvine, California.Named Autonomous Drive and developed with the help of research teams from MIT, Stanford, Oxford, Carnegie Mellon, and the University of Tokyo, the new technology has already been tested anddemonstrated on the Leaf EV during the Nissan 360 event this month.“Nissan’s autonomous driving technology is an extension of its Safety Shield, which monitors a 360-degree view around a vehicle for risks, offers warnings to the driver and takes action if necessary (…) The technology being demonstrated at Nissan 360 means the car could drive autonomously on a highway – sticking to or changing lanes and avoiding collisions – without a map. It can also be integrated with a standard in-car navigation system so the vehicle knows which turns to take to reach its destination,” the automaker explains.Nissan also argues that an autonomous vehicle would make sense since 93 percent of accidents in the United States (six million per year) happen due to human error.

“Nissan Motor Company’s willingness to question conventional thinking and to drive progress – is what sets us apart,” said CEO Carlos Ghosn. “In 2007 I pledged that – by 2010 – Nissan would mass market a zero-emission vehicle. Today, the Nissan LEAF is the best-selling electric vehicle in history. Now I am committing to be ready to introduce a new ground-breaking technology, Autonomous Drive, by 2020, and we are on track to realize it.”

Source: https://www.autoevolution.com/news/nissan-pledges-autonomous-production-car-by-2020-65843.html

Electric Race Car Victorious In Student Motorsport Event

By

July 13, 2013

Green Car Reports
AMZ Racing Team's Formula Student electric racing car (Image: AMZ Racing Team)
AMZ Racing Team’s Formula Student electric racing car (Image: AMZ Racing Team)

Want to know where the next generation of race car engineers are going to come from?

Chances are they’ll have taken part in one of the many Formula Student at some point, open to student engineers all over the world with the aim of building and racing a single-seater racing car.

This year–for the first time ever–an electric vehicle has won the UK competition, reports Earth Techling.

In fact, electric cars came first and second, suggesting something of a paradigm shift in the competition–usually dominated by gasoline-powered racers, is this year simply a one-off or the start of electric car dominance?

First place was taken by the AMZ Racing Team from ETH Zurich in Switzerland, followed by German team UAS Zwickau. Cars are judged over a series of different events, including a figure of eight, autocross, acceleration tests, and a 13-mile endurance event.

Additionally, teams are judged on the cars themselves, industry specialists analyzing the engineering and design, a cost and sustainability analysis, a business presentation and a technical and safety inspection.

1,000 points are up for grabs across the car and performance disciplines, the Swiss team taking an impressive 921.3 points overall. UAS Zwickau followed with 851.5 points.

All the more impressive is the fact that just five years ago, teams fielding electric vehicles weren’t even able to complete the endurance section of the event. Ironically, it was hot conditions–not usually favored by electric vehicles–that took out some of this year’s gasoline favorites.

The results certainly bode well for future Formula Student events, but the organizers aren’t ready to let electric vehicles walk away with things.

“We are delighted by this progress but we will have to see what needs to be done in the future to ensure petrol cars remain competitive,” said Formula Student Chairman, Jon Hilton.

We’re sure many major automakers are thinking along similar lines…

Tesla wins in North Carolina, Paves the Way for Direct-to-Consumer Sales

By: posted Jun 27th, 2013

 

Tesla Motors continues to buck the odds, celebrating a major victory in the North Carolina Senate this week. The North Carolina Automobile Dealers — concerned about competition — set its sights on the green car company last month when it endorsed a bill that would’ve significantly curtailed Tesla’s ability to sell vehicles in the state. The legislation, supported by the Senate’s Commerce Committee, targeted direct-to-consumer sales which eliminate the need for dealerships. But Elon Musk and friends proved that it wouldn’t be quite so easy to squeeze them out of NCAD’s territory — Tesla took both North Carolina Governor Pat McCrory and House Speaker Thom Tillis on test drives to show off the car’s capabilities. Musk’s strategy seems to have paid off, as the North Carolina House of Representatives struck down the bill on Tuesday. With another victory under its belt, Tesla’s upward momentum shows few signs of slowing down anytime soon.

Via: Autoblog Green

Source: News & Observer

DOE: Only $1.14 a gallon to fuel your electric car

By: Chris Woodyard

USA TODAY

June 11, 2013

Now you can check your own state to see how much you can save by driving electric

In Minneapolis, gasoline averages $3.84 a gallon. But if you buy an electric car, you’ll pay the equivalent of $1.12 a gallon.

In Florida, gas costs less, about $3.42 a gallon, but motorists will still save a bundle by driving an EV. Electricity costs about  $1.10 a gallon when compared to gas.

It’s all according to a fun new “eGallon” calculator launching today on the Energy Department website. It allows users to find the difference between the price at the pump and at the plug in any state. The national average is $1.14 a gallon to “fill up” your electric, compared to $3.65 on average for gasoline.

“Consumers can see gasoline prices posted at the corner gas station, but are left in the dark on the cost of fueling an electric vehicle,” says Ernest Moniz, the new secretary of Energy, in a statement. “The eGallon will bring greater transparency to vehicle operating costs, and help drivers figure out how much they might save on fuel by choosing an electric vehicle.”

It can only help the momentum for electric cars, which are trying to break into the mainstream.

U.S. Plug-in EV Milestone: 100,000 Sold

BY: SMARTGRIDNEWS.COM

May 22, 2013

The U.S. plug-in EV market reached a high point this week with the sale of the 100,000th car, an achievement plug-in advocacy organization Plug In America calls a milestone. The group tracked published reports of plug-in sales to come up with its magic number.

“Our current estimate, based on monthly sales figures from automakers, is that the 100,000 highway-capable plug-n vehicle will be sold on May 20,” said Tom Saxton, Plug In America’s chief science officer. Saxton announced the date late last week.

Smart grid, smart grid technology, electric transportation, plug-in EVs, EV markets and pricing

The group also offered highlights related to the occasion. Here are a few:

  • Nissan dealers in some markets have said its Leaf plug-in outsold all other Nissan models during specific sales periods this year
  • Tesla’s Model S is selling better than the Mercedes Benz S-Class, the BMW 7 series and the Audi A8
  • The domestic EV fleet represents more than 2,000 megawatts of battery storage, which could provide opportunities for the future management of the electric grid and intermittent renewables

Car makers producing EVs include Nissan, GM, Ford, Tesla, Honda, Mitsubishi, Toyota, BMW, Mercedes and Fiat. Those cars have won several consumer and industry awards, Plug In America said.

 

In Two-Way Charging, Electric Cars Begin to Earn Money From the Grid

By
Published: April 25, 2013
New York Times

 WASHINGTON — Finally, payback for the plug-in.

A line of Mini Coopers, each attached to the regional power grid by a thick cable plugged in where a gasoline filler pipe used to be, no longer just draws energy. The power now flows two ways between the cars and the electric grid, as the cars inject and suck power in tiny jolts, and get paid for it.

This nascent form of electric car commerce will be announced on Friday by the University of Delaware, the regional grid operator and an electric company. They have developed a system to collect payments for work (balancing supply and demand moment to moment) that is normally the domain of power plants.

The possibilities of using electric cars for other purposes are being realized around the globe. Electric cars like the Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet’s plug-in hybrid Volt, are generally not sold in the United States with two-way chargers that could feed back into the grid. But Nissan is offering a similar device in Japan that allows consumers to power their houses when the electric grid is down.

In the Delaware project, each car is equipped with some additional circuitry and a battery charger that operates in two directions. When the cars work with the grid, they earn about $5 a day, which comes to about $1,800 a year, according to Willett M. Kempton, a professor of electrical engineering and computing. He hopes that provides an incentive to make electric cars more attractive to consumers, and estimates that the added gadgetry would add about $400 to the cost of a car.

Granted, the scale of this project, using 15 two-passenger Mini E models, donated by BMW, is indeed minuscule compared with the task of keeping the grid system that serves two-thirds of North America in balance, making sure that supply matches demand as precisely as possible.

The frequency of electric current in the United States is supposed to be stable at 60 cycles a second, but if the supply from a wind farm or solar plant changes suddenly, or demand shifts, frequency gets out of whack.

The market that Professor Kempton is tapping into, known as frequency regulation, has become increasingly important as the mix of generators on the grid has changed.

If electric cars become more popular, proponents say that a network of thousands of plug-in cars could help stabilize the grid.

Michehl R. Gent, a former president of the North American Electric Reliability Corporation, the entity designated by the federal government to write and enforce grid reliability rules, called the Delaware idea “tiny but promising.”

“If we can get our electric vehicles to do more than just be electric vehicles, it will be very well received,” said Mr. Gent, who is not associated with the project.

Professor Kempton has had this “vehicle to grid” system in the works for 10 years. He plans to double the size of his fleet by the end of the year. Half the cars are permanently parked and the other half will provide service for all the hours they are plugged in, which could be as much as 20 hours a day.

The cars listen for a signal from the headquarters of the regional grid operator, the PJM Interconnection, in Norristown, Pa., that comes every four seconds. The signal could tell the batteries to charge, or to discharge, or to do neither. Alternatively, if the cars need charging, they can provide the same service by varying the amount of current they draw. For the grid, the effect is to add or subtract load in a coordinated way that aids stability.

Two-way chargers are not generally available to drivers of electric plug-ins right now. Professor Kempton said he is working with five companies that build electric cars and are interested in a two-way system that could collect revenue from the grid: BMW and four other firms he said he could not name because of confidentiality agreements.

One of those four, he said, was working on a two-way charger that was three times more powerful than the current one, vastly increasing revenue possibilities.

A Nissan spokesman, Brian Brockman, said the company is exploring such possibilities, and recognizes the benefits of moving toward helping power the grids.

“To the electric system, the balancing effect is essentially the same,” said Scott Baker, an engineer at PJM. Mr. Baker predicted that electric vehicles would become an interactive part of the grid, helping in several ways. One goal is to spread out the charging demands of thousands of cars on the grid, so as to avoid overload.

Thomas B. Gage, president of EV Grid, a company in Palo Alto, Calif., that set up the hardware in the cars and the chargers, said that electric cars typically have chargers that run in one direction, at a power level of 3 kilowatts. The Mini Es runs in both directions, at 18 kilowatts. (For comparison, a hand-held hair dryer is 1.5 kilowatts.)

With a relatively powerful two-way link, the idea is to branch out into another service the grid needs, known as “spinning reserve.” Power plants that offer that service keep a turbine spinning, but not generating power; they are ready to pick up load at a moment’s notice, if called on by grid operators. Providing spinning reserve burns substantial amounts of fuel, usually natural gas, but batteries could do the same work with no pollution, experts say.

At any given moment, a car could provide one service or the other; an aggregator could decide on an hour-by-hour basis which service to provide. So far, the system now being commercialized is nowhere near the point of absorbing surplus electricity at night and selling it back during the day; for the time being, the frequency regulation market would be more lucrative and the battery capacity is relatively small. Besides, peak demand hours often fall when the driver would want the car on the road.

Professor Kempton is also a leading proponent of building wind turbines off the mid-Atlantic coast, and sees the electric car and the wind machine as complementary tools for a low-carbon energy system. The university has a joint venture with NRG Energy, which is based in Princeton, N.J., to expand the network of electric cars that would be paid for doing the balancing work.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

A version of this article appeared in print on April 26, 2013, on page B3 of the New York edition with the headline: In Two-Way Charging, Electric Cars Begin to Earn Money From the Grid.

 

NYC Officially Launches Nissan Leaf Electric Taxi Program

 By

www.GreenCarReports.com

Within a few weeks, a handful of New Yorkers each day will ride in a new kind of taxi: an all-electric Nissan Leaf.

On Monday, to celebrate Earth Day, New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg joined with Nissan officials to announce that six Nissan Leaf taxis would go into service this spring.

The plan, Bloomberg said, will help the city “answer important questions about incorporating electric taxis into the fleet, so that we can achieve the goal of a one-third electric taxi fleet by 2020.”

Included in the test will be the installation of several DC fast-charging stations in New York City, which will enable Leaf taxi drivers to recharge their cars to 80 percent of capacity in 30 minutes or less.

Those stations are now going into the ground, although Nissan officials privately concede that the planning, permitting, permissions, and paperwork involved in adding such infrastructure have been more onerous than expected.

Whether taxi drivers will resist the need to stop and recharge during their shifts remains an open question.

The test plan was originally scheduled to start a year ago, but Nissan officials held off until the company could provide updated 2013 Nissan Leafs from its Tennessee assembly plant.

At least some New York City Council members advocate for electric taxis, to reduce emissions.

 

2013 Nissan Leaf electric car tested as taxi in New York City, April 2013

2013 Nissan Leaf electric car tested as taxi in New York City, April 2013

They have criticized the city’s “Taxi of Tomorrow” program, which uses a lengthened and adapted Nissan NV200 minivan as the sole vehicle for taxis starting at the end of this year, because that vehicle is currently offered only with a gasoline engine.

Nissan is testing an all-electric version of the NV200 in a variety of locations; it uses Leaf underpinnings.

We drove the Nissan e-NV200 electric minivan in Japan last fall; thus far, according to the company, tests are progressing well.

Leaf taxis already operate in Sao Paulo, Brazil, and Osaka, Japan, though some Osaka drivers are not happy with the degradation in battery range they have experienced after racking up tens of thousands of miles in a short period.

New York City’s taxi fleet now is more diverse than it has been in decades, as hybrids and smaller sedans and minivans from a variety of makers replace the formerly ubiquitous Ford Crown Victoria full-size sedans, which are no longer made.

 

Six New Plug-In Electric Cars Coming For 2014

By Green Car Report

https://www.greencarreports.com/news/1083492_six-new-plug-in-electric-cars-coming-for-2014

This is an exciting time for electric car enthusiasts. From just a handful of choices only a few years ago, buyers in some states now have access to as many as a dozen different plug-in vehicles.

It’s set to get even better–over the course of the next few years, another six electric vehicles are on the way. Here’s our full run-down of the most important plug-in vehicles debuting over the next year.

The 2014 BMW i3 electric car isn’t just important, it’s exciting too–and it’s nice to be able to say that about a new electric car.

BMW has explored electric vehicles before with thorough testing programs–significantly, the MINI E and BMW ActiveE electric vehicles–and that knowledge is helping develop the i3, a compact car based on a dedicated platform. A range-extended model will also be available, to quell those with range anxiety.

It’s high-tech too, with a carbon-fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) unibody, and the i3’s minimalist innards are trimmed in sustainable materials. It’s all very futuristic, yet as tasteful and considered as any internally-combusting BMW.

And if the i3 isn’t exciting enough, the i8 plug-in hybrid sports car will arrive shortly after…

2014 Cadillac ELR
2014 Cadillac ELR

Back when Chevy launched the Volt range-extended electric car, it promised the Voltec powertrain would appear in other vehicles.

Well, this is the first “other vehicle” it’s appearing in–the 2014 Cadillac ELR. Behind the sharp-suited Cadillac styling is a thoroughly modern drivetrain, utilizing the same 1.4-liter gasoline engine as the Volt, and a similar electric drivetrain.

We say “similar” because to suit the Caddy’s upmarket status, ELR drivers do get a little more power and torque than their Volt counterparts. They also get two fewer doors, turning the ELR into a sleek and distinctive coupe. Electric range stays the same though, at around 35 miles. Deliveries should begin early 2014.

2014 Chevrolet Spark EV
2014 Chevrolet Spark EV

Initially, we suspected the Chevy Spark EV to be one of the small but growing range of “compliance cars”–electric vehicles designed and built solely to meet California’s requirements for electric vehicle sales.

Thankfully, that isn’t the case–Chevrolet is actually rather serious about the Spark EV, and as well as making it available beyond just west coast markets, they’ve thoroughly re-engineered the gasoline Spark for its new electric powertrain.

The styling differences are subtle–some blue paint here, a Volt-style grille there–but under the skin it’s a real wolf in sheep’s clothing. A 110 kW (130 horsepower) electric motor gives it far more shove than the gasoline model, and its 400 pounds-feet torque output matches that of a Ferrari 458 Italia supercar.

The Spark EV will go on sale in several U.S. markets, as well as Canada, South Korea and Europe. U.S. pricing starts at under $32,500, pre-incentives.

2013 Fiat 500e live photos, 2012 L.A. Auto Show
2013 Fiat 500e live photos, 2012 L.A. Auto Show

At 108 MPGe highway, Fiat’s 2013 500e electric car is the most efficient highway vehicle on sale in the U.S. It also manages an official 87 miles of range, greater than that of other similarly-sized electric cars and more even than some larger models.

While the 500’s retro looks will always be an acquired taste, it’s one of the more visually interesting electric cars on sale too. Not just thanks to its eye-searing orange paintwork, but also for the aerodynamic wheels, large white front grille and other white detailing.

Inside there’s plenty of white and orange trim too, while the usual 500 dual-layer instrument dials are replaced by a TFT screen showing car data. A four-button console occupies the space you’d usually find a gear shifter. Like the BMW i3, customers will also get the use of a free loaner vehicle for longer journeys.

It’s just a pity then that, despite all the effort Fiat and Chrysler have put into the 500e, that this one will remain a compliance car–so good luck getting your hands on one outside of California.

Mitsubishi Outlander Plug-In Hybrid, 2012 Paris Motor Show
Mitsubishi Outlander Plug-In Hybrid, 2012 Paris Motor Show

Mitsubishi is in the doldrums in the U.S. market, with low sales and a range of vehicles that do little to capture the imagination.

Perhaps the Outlander Plug-In Hybrid will change that, with more modern looks and a significantly greener powertrain than previous Outlanders. Under the hood there’s a 2.0-liter gasoline engine, but twin 60-kilowatt electric motors–one for each axle–provide a healthy 245 pounds-feet of torque in electric-only mode.

Electric range in EPA testing is unconfirmed, but based on the Japanese 35-mile estimate, we’re expecting a more realistic 20-25 mile range. Once that’s depleted, you still have the engine providing backup power–though the Outlander can operate in series or parallel hybrid modes too.

2013 Smart ForTwo Electric Drive
2013 Smart ForTwo Electric Drive

Soonest to appear of all the electric vehicles above is the 2013 Smart Fortwo Electric Drive.

It may look like any other Fortwo, but this is now the third generation of the company’s diminutive electric car and happily, it’s also the best. It’s a large step up from previous models with far better performance, a smoother drive and greater potential range.

It’s also the cheapest electric car on sale in the U.S, starting at $25,750 before incentives. For those able to claim the full $7,500 Federal tax credit and California’s $2,500 purchase rebate, you’re looking at a brand-new, $15,750 electric car.

Top speed is 78 mph and it’ll do 60 mph in under 12 seconds, so drivers won’t feel too out of depth on the highway. The Electric Drive’s biggest success though is how much better (and quicker) it is than the jerky gasoline version–proof that some vehicles are just meant to be electric.

 

What Will It Take To Boost The Overall Success Of EVs?

by Renew Grid

Charging stations and battery-swap locations are the most crucial to developing a sustainable electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure, according to respondents to a recent survey by PwC.

The survey, which polled more than 200 participants from 34 countries representing the automotive, utilities, energy, technology, government, finance and education sectors, was conducted to help gauge some of the major determining factors for the success of EVs.

According to PwC, the global hybrid and EV market share will reach 6.3% by 2020. As municipalities continue to work with the private sector to meet future demands and develop “smart cities,” finding the ideal ratio between integrated public charging stations and the number of EVs on the road is a prevailing challenge when investing in existing and future infrastructure.

“Continued investment to improve upon the electric vehicle value chain, along with the pace of advancement in competing alternative fuel solutions, will ultimately determine the level of success EVs are able to achieve,” says Brandon Mason, a senior analyst at PwC. “While we don’t expect one to be parked in every driveway anytime soon, there is no doubt that EVs are here to stay.”

Approximately 25% of survey respondents said one public station for every 20 EVs is an ideal ratio, while 20% indicated one station for every five vehicles is ideal, according to the report. Roughly 80% of respondents also indicated that 30 minutes or less charge time is considered fast charging for EVs.

Focusing on price, the report found that nearly 46% of respondents felt that long-term total cost of ownership savings is the most likely reason consumers would be willing to pay an up-front premium for an EV. PwC says automakers continue to evaluate the price premium consumers are willing to pay for an EV. Survey respondents indicated that consumers willing to pay a premium price would need to remain under $5,000 (PHEVs 57.9%, PEVs 47.7%).

“Automakers accelerate their efforts to find solutions to reduce costs for battery, alternative drive train and the vehicle overall,” says Oliver Hazimeh, automotive cleantech transportation leader at PwC. “Passing high initial development costs on to the consumer is not a long-term option, as it is not viable to rely on long-term government incentives. Auto companies need to deploy smart vehicle and technology platforms and global partnerships to achieve economies of scale.”

Survey respondents indicated global collaboration (26.6%) will lead the development and production of EVs and supporting technologies by 2020. Respondents said China will lead by 2020 (25.9%).

According to the report, automakers are working to find a balance between production and consumer demands. The trend is to build where you sell. Automakers planning for long-term success will likely have the competitive edge.

Jim Ellis Chevrolet Unveils GA’s First Dealership EV Solar Chaging Station Powered by Metro Plug-In

RIBBON CUTTING ANNOUNCED AT JIM ELLIS CHEVROLET FOR GEORGIA’S FIRST DEALERSHIP EV SOLAR CHARGING STATION

Atlanta, Georgia – February 20, 2013 – Jim Ellis Chevrolet is the first dealership in the state of Georgia to install an electric vehicle solar charging station. 

Jim Ellis Automotive Group announces the first electric vehicle solar charging station installed at an automotive dealership in the state of Georgia.    “With the rising gas prices and growth in electric vehicle sales, we knew it was important for customers with electric vehicles to have access to this station,” says Jimmy Ellis, VP and COO of Jim Ellis Automotive Group.  “We are not charging our customers for use of this station at this time.  It’s a service to those with electric vehicles and we’re sure other dealers will follow.”

Jim Ellis Chevrolet is holding their ribbon cutting ceremony on Wednesday, February 27 at 2pm at 5900 Peachtree Industrial Blvd, Atlanta.   Mayor Donna Pittman in Doraville, Georgia will attend the ribbon cutting ceremony, along with VP and COO, Jimmy Ellis and Mark Frost, VP of Operations for GM Brands at Jim Ellis Automotive Group.  “We are seeing more and more demand for electric vehicles,” says Jimmy Ellis.  “We were the leader in all of Georgia in 2012 with Chevy Volt sales, at over 100 units.  Our goal is to take care of the needs of Georgia residents with an electric vehicle as the demand for electric vehicles increases.”  Jim Ellis Automotive Group has been a leading retailer of green vehicles, including high EPA-rated fuel mileage gasoline vehicles, high-efficiency diesel engine vehicles, and of recently, natural gas powered and electric powered vehicles.

Jim Ellis Automotive Group is the city’s single largest family owned and operated automotive group, serving Atlanta, Marietta and Buford.  Atlanta Business Chronicle ranks them as #1 in total new and used vehicles sold in 2012 at over 17,700 units.  Jim Ellis Automotive has been in business 41 years, with over 850 employees.  Jim Ellis Automotive Group represents notable brands such as Audi, Buick, Chevy, GMC, Hyundai, Maserati, Mazda, Porsche, Saab, Volkswagen and Volvo. The company website is https://www.JimEllis.com.

Why Plug-in Hybrids Will Pave the Way for 100% Electric Cars

Posted on Tuesday, February 12th, 2013 at 2:30 pm by Solar Energy USA
Written by Perry Bell, President and CEO of Solar Energy USA

What are the real issues of electric cars today? The answer is nothing different from any new technology. If you look at any everyday technological advancement like computers, cell phones, etc., what was once large in size and cost is now smaller and more affordable. The same is true with cars, but one difference to other technologies is that a car’s fuel source has been owned by large industries that help support and run our country. This fuel source ownership heavily influences our government to meet their interest – a big hurdle but one that isn’t insurmountable. The unique aspect of plug-in hybrids and electric vehicles that threaten the residual fuel economy is the need for electricity instead.

Electric vehicle battery technology is constantly improving and will eventually meet and exceed 100% of any driving desire or need. Plug-in hybrid cars are a great multi-year segue into accommodating infrastructure to support electric cars. The mentality that there is no better way than what we are doing now will not survive ingenuity, and will progress into eventually leaving those who don’t grow behind. With a plug-in hybrid, you can recharge (refuel) at home or only when you want and not have limitations because the car is a hybrid with great fuel efficiency when not using an electric charge. You could drive within the electric range and seldom ever use petroleum fuel. No matter what you do, this will dramatically reduce the current demand for petroleum. And while this is happening, the same battery that only went 40 miles last year will now go 60 miles just one year later. That cycle will eventually be a number that doesn’t limit someone’s journey, just like anyone who needs a gas station today.

People are creatures of habit. If you look at where you drive on a daily and weekly basis, with few exceptions, there is a great deal of consistency. There is a point and range that will make sense for you if that point is not already currently available. I write this message from experience of driving a plug-in hybrid for the last year and a half. Also, I travel with a non-plug-in hybrid and I race petroleum fueled cars. My goal isn’t environmental, though that is a great byproduct. My decision revolves around independence and financial logic.

I’m writing this article as a republican embarrassed that the left wing is leading the charge in progress, which is the backbone of this country, without financial guidance. The only brainwashed response I hear from my voting group is that it is not viable and we should explore something else. I do not want to put the oil workers out of work, but the current situation is no different than the blacksmith or farrier who put horseshoes on horses when the car came along – that occupation evolved into being a mechanic. I also don’t want to send friends and family members to the Middle East just so I can fill up my car. If Americans reduce our need for petroleum enough, we can service our own demand with our current supply.

The political decisions based around petroleum and our country’s need for fuel is unhealthy. As an individual, I can create my own fuel for my plug-in hybrid through solar technology at my house, which I do, and I can also use solar energy to offset my electricity usage from the power company. Comparing the cost of petroleum against the cost of my solar system (without any incentives) gives me a 2.5 year payback. At that point, my plug-in hybrid’s fuel source is free. As you can see, solar power has the potential to be a disruptive technology, and this can be a problem for our country’s residual revenue with respect to political special interests. However, it may not be as bad as it seems once things evolve.

Like many others in America you may wait for the answers, but I already have mine. I know that renewable energy and electric cars can help create a better America for ourselves and for future generations.

Perry Bell is President and CEO of Solar Energy USA, a national solar integrator specializing in Affordable Solar Solutions.

Interview with Enterprise Rent-A-Car

Published on EV Update (https://analysis.evupdate.com)

Greg Tabak, Enterprise Rent-A-Car

Posted by obalch [1] on Oct 10, 2012

EV Update talks to Greg Tabak about the roll-out of EVs in Enterprise Rent-A-Car’s Southern Californian rental fleet.

Greg Tabak is director of business sales for Enterprise [2]’s Southern California Electric vehicle/Hybrid operations.

EV Update: What kind of EV offering does Enterprise Rent-a-Car currently have for its rental customers?

Greg Tabak: At the present time, we have twelve electric vehicle rental locations in Southern California, which all have different types of charging infrastructure. Since the beginning of the year, we’ve added hybrid electrics, such as the plug-in Prius, into our fleet as well. Additionally, we’ve added more Chevy Volts to our fleet. So now we have a bigger portfolio of vehicles to rent at these locations.

EV Update: What’s the utilisation rate of the EVs in your rental fleet?

Greg Tabak: It’s more than 60 percent. It’s not where we would hope or expect it to be. There are a lot of people that are uneasy about the technology and there’s still a major lack of [consumer] education. Even though there is significant infrastructure development in many markets, it’s not vast enough for people to know where it is or how to find it. How to access it [EV charging infrastructure] is a problem too. Although the current range of 100 miles is suufient for most people, people perceptions is that it is not.

This all adds to a more complicated situation. There needs to be more education available so people feel comfortable with Electric vehicles and Alternative Fuels in general. It has to be a combined effort. That said, I believe the ability to get people driving an EV and getting them comfortable with the technology is important. That’s why having EVs as an option for our rental customers is a good thing.

EV Update: Most charging stations in California are Level II. How do your customers feel about Level II as a charging option?

Greg Tabak: Our average local car replacement customer doesn’t have a very strong appetite for Level II charging. Very often, we give them the car fully charged. If they are going to go within a limited geographic area, it’s unlikely that they are going to need charging during the day. So it’s not a major problem for our home city customers. We provide them with a Level I adaptor with the car and we show them how to charge at home. I see that this [Level II] could become a bigger problem if we expand to our airport customers. If customers fly in and go about their business, that’s when they are going to need Level III charging. Or for people taking longer trips. It’s fair to say that our customers would pay to fill up at a Level III station because they are out of there in 15 or 20 minutes. But it’s unlikely that they are going to pay $1.5 per hour to sit in a Level II station for three or four hours.

EV Update: Are you taking any steps to offer Level III charging then?

Greg Tabak: We ran a recent pilot in the Texas market with eVgo, offering Level III charging in the Texas and Houston areas. Customers were offered free access to eVgo’s Freedom Stations. The pilot enabled us to see how important Level III might be for our customers. What we found was that the access to rapid charging gave our customers a bit more peace of mind. It also gave them the ability to utilise the vehicles for what they are designed for without much hesitation.

Traditionally, if someone were to rent an electric vehicle, they would be worried about having access to charging infrastructure and having the time they need to charge the vehicle appropriately to get it back. With Level III charging, they obviously don’t have those issues. So by strategically placing Level III charging along travel corridors, people can charge quickly and then getting going to where they need to be. In general, we found customers were using the infrastructure much more than Level II charging stations.

EV Update: As well as the time required for charging, does the payment process for charging present an issue for rental customers?

Greg Tabak: Yes. We are currently offering both the Blink and Coulomb charge cards to our customers. We’ve had moderate success with usage on these. Free access to chargers is dissipating right now. Because of where Level II charge stations are located, people often need to pay for access – either for the cost of parking, or because the [charger] host is charging a fee. Access is difficult because there are so many different charging networks currently in operation. We can’t give our customers a key with twelve key-cards attached to it.

We need a centralised mechanism where they can use one card or their credit card for charging. The alternative is a business-style account where we could capture the usage and then bill the customer on their account accordingly, just as we’d do with a transponder for toll-roads and the like. We’re talking about this, but there’s really no solution out there at the moment. Every charging station manufacturer wants to have their own proprietary system and their own card and network. They don’t really want to connect the dots. That’s the problem we’re currently running into.

Why Tesla is Beating GM, Ford and Toyota – Electric Cars

by Forbes contributor Adam Hartung

Sales expectations are not good for U.S. auto companies.  Automakers are resorting to fairly radical promotional programs to spur sales.  Chevrolet is offering a 60-day money back guarantee.  And Chrysler is offering 90 day delayed financing.  These incentives are designed to make you want to buy a car, when you really don’t want to buy a car.  At least, not the cars they are selling.

On the other hand, the barely known, small and far from mainstream Tesla motors gave one of its new Model S cars to Wall Street Journal reviewer Dan Neil last week, and he gave it a glowing testimonial.  He went so far as to compare this 4-door all-electric sedan’s performance with the Lamborghini and Ford GT supercars; and its design with the Jaguar.  And he spent several paragraphs on the Tesla Model S’s comfort, quiet, seating and storage – much more aligned with a Mercedes S series.

There are no manufacturer incentives currently offered on the Tesla Model S.

What’s so different about Tesla and GM or Ford?  Well, everything(to read the rest of the article, click here).

Tesla Model S First Impression and Review

by

Last week Tesla released their Model S to a handul of early customers at a ceremony in Fremont California.  Since then, the car has been made available on a very limited and controlled basis, so we  have been reticent to give out our full impression of the Tesla Model S, or to even to title this update a “review” or “test drive”, because quite frankly Tesla hasn’t allowed the car to be truly vetted.

Sure, a little seat time, and 5-6 minutes driving around a controlled course is nice, but it doesn’t really allow for any feel of the car’s  true strengths and weaknesses.

A Tesla Model S Waits To Be Driven

Still, you work with what you have, and since we haven’t been able to track down any of the first 10 retail deliveries (video of that ceremony below) to let us borrow their car for a few days, we thought we would patch together some initial impressions.   (emails to Elon Musk about borrowing his have gone unanswered…the nerve)

The Model S seats 7 in theory (a $1,500 option that adds a couple children’s seats where you would normally find the rear trunk), but reality is 5 adults could squeeze into the car, although we’d recommend sticking with just 4.  If you do decide on the 7 seat option, and fill up your trunk with kids, you still do have over 8 cu feet of space up front.   However…(read the rest of the article here)…

Mobile application lets parking operators add and promote new EV charging services

tesla model s white

 

By  Sebastian Blanco, green.autoblog.com

Posted Jun 25th 2012 7:55PM

At the big launch event Friday for the Tesla Model S, invited journalists were able to get just a few precious moments behind the wheel. The drives were far too short, everyone agreed (most were just 10 minutes long), but people made the best of it, including our companions over at Engadget, where Myriam Joire says, “you don’t have to be a car nut to appreciate all the innovation and technology that’s gone into Tesla’s sophomore vehicle.” She continues, “So what’s it like to drive the Model S? In a word: amazing. … The Model S is surprisingly nimble for such a large and heavy automobile, and it doesn’t sacrifice ride quality for the sake of dynamics – it handled rough roads with composure and just the right amount of stiffness.” Our favorite bit is this one: “Acceleration is where the Model S shines. The electric motor dishes out gobs of linear, head-snapping torque, quickly propelling you past the speed limit – you’ve been warned.”

We’re working on getting some real Autoblog seat time, but for now we look at other first impressions from around the internet, which are universally positive, something that’s darn hard to come by in this day and age:

  • Motor Trend calls it, “an out-of-this-world sedan that happens to be electric” and adds that, “after a walk through the factory, a visit to a dealer showroom, and an hour-and-a-half spent driving the car on a mix of roads, my eyes are wide and my jaw has dropped.”
  • CNet says that upon, “seeing a straight road ahead I … let the pedal meet the floor. The Model S felt like a freight train, with inexorable acceleration pushing forward without a break. There were no power peaks – it was all torque all the time.”
  • GigaOm says, “The low center of gravity, smooth ride, and lack of vibration were pretty amazing.”
  • Yahoo! News reports that, “the Tesla Model S successfully challenges a century of assumptions about what a great car can be” and that, “from behind the wheel of the Tesla Model S, you feel you’re driving the future, instead of burning increasingly limited gallons of the past.”
  • Our old friend Damon Lavrinc, now at Wired, says, “if our brief seat time is any indication, Tesla hasn’t just delivered a functional, all-electric sedan – it’s made a luxury EV that can outpace and outclass the stalwarts of the premium sports sedan segment, while changing the perceptions of electric mobility. It’s also a complete hoot to drive.”
  • USA Today makes it simple: “There’s no other way to put it: Tesla’s Model S luxury sedan is spectacular.”

What you read there, in other words, is a paradigm being shifted.

Bluebird unveils all-electric GTL for Formula E series.

Bluebird GTL Formula E racing car concept

By  Sebastian Blanco

Posted Jun 13th 2012 4:05PM green.autoblog.com

Go ahead, feast your eyes on the kinds of vehicles that might compete in the FIA’s upcoming Formula E. Maybe it’s the enclosed cockpit, maybe it the Alien-esque color and lines, maybe it’s just us, but the just-unveiled Bluebird GTL Formula E racing car concept looks for all the world like something that would slither instead of speed.

Unveiled yesterday at the Bluebird Centenary Celebration, the Bluebird GTL prototype is an all-electric vehicle that comes from a long history of going fast. Unfortunately, specifics on the Bluebird GTL’s powertrain are still under wraps. All Bluebird will say is, “100 years after Sir Malcolm’s first win in ‘Blue Bird’, the Bluebird team unveil their latest vehicle. The Bluebird legend continues…” Speaking with The Charging Point, Bluebird’s Don Wales said

Formula-E represents the birth of a new era for us. Where we struggle with [financial] support for land speed record attempts, the circuit racing car is going to be more attractive to potential sponsors. Formula-E really is the future, definitely. Electric racing, with the FIA behind it, is going to be a big thing, and if we’re in it at the dawn of that then Bluebird should be a very strong brand for the future.

EV Sales figures for May 2012

Volt top-selling plug-in vehicle in US in May, followed by Prius PHV

1 June 2012

The Chevrolet Volt was the top-selling plug-in vehicle from the top six automakers in May, posting 1,680 units, compared to 481 in May 2011. Year-to-date sales for the Volt have risen to 7,057 units, compared to 2,184 units for the same period last year.

The Prius PHV plug-in hybrid followed, with 1,086 units sold, representing 5.1% of the 21,477 units of the full Prius family sold in May. (The Prius liftback accounted for 60.8% (13,053 units) of family sales; the Prius c, 17.2% (3,693); and the Prius v, 17.0% (3,645).)

Sales of the Nissan LEAF were 510 units in May 2012, down from the 1,142 units sold in May 2011. Calendar year-to-date sales for the LEAF are 2,613 units, up from 2,167 for the same period in 2011.

Combined sales of the Volt, Prius PHV and LEAF represented about 0.25% of total US light-duty vehicle sales (1,334,600 units, according to Autodata), or about 0.6% of the combined sales of GM, Toyota and Nissan. Volt sales represented 0.68% of all GM vehicle sales; Prius PHV represented 0.53% of all Toyota vehicles sales; and LEAF represented 0.56% of all Nissan vehicle sales.

Additionally in May, Ford delivered the first Focus Electric vehicles to retail customers.

Ford now taking orders for C-Max Hybrid at $25,995

The U.S. automaker said its dealers began taking orders for its 2013 model-year C-Max Hybrid and is pitching the model as a cheaper, more fuel-efficient alternative to the Toyota Prius V wagon.

Ford will start deliveries of the C-Max Hybrid this fall, while a plug-in hybrid version – the C-Max Energi – will be available by year-end. Ford’s pricing the C-Max Hybrid at a base of $25,995, or about $500 less than the cheapest Prius V. While Ford didn’t specifically give a miles-per-gallon estimate, the company said the C-Max Hybrid would beat the Prius V’s 42-mile-per-gallon-combined rating from the EPA.

Last month, Toyota boosted U.S. Prius sales doubled from a year earlier to 25,168 units in part because of the 3,847 Prius V wagons sold.

Ford, which sold just 1,175 hybrids in April, late last month tapped the first 67 West Coast and New York-area dealers that will sell the Ford Focus Electric and published a map indicating where the EV would be rolled out during the rest of the year.

https://o.aolcdn.com/dims-global/dims3/GLOB/resize/620x412/quality/85/https://www.blogcdn.com/www.autoblog.com/media/2011/01/03-ford-c-max-hybrid.jpg

Ford Begins Taking Orders for C-MAX Hybrid – America’s Most Affordable, Fuel-Efficient Hybrid Utility Vehicle

Ford dealers are now taking orders for the Ford C-MAX Hybrid, which will be more affordable than Toyota Prius v while achieving better fuel economy

Class-exclusive technologies include hands-free liftgate, active park assist for easier parallel parking and next-generation SmartGauge® with EcoGuide to help customers increase their fuel economy

C-MAX will launch this fall as part of Ford’s power of choice strategy to deliver leading fuel economy across its lineup while tripling electrified vehicle production capacity by 2013

DEARBORN, Mich., May 17, 2012 – Ford dealers are starting to place orders for America’s most affordable and fuel-efficient hybrid utility vehicle – the 2013 Ford C-MAX Hybrid – with innovative technologies such as a hands-free liftgate, spaciousness for five passengers and cargo as well as the fun-to-drive character shared with well-handling cars including Ford Focus.

The C-MAX is a compact hybrid utility vehicle and the company’s first dedicated line of hybrids. The 2013 C-MAX Hybrid will be available this fall with a base price of $25,995 – approximately $500 lower than the Toyota Prius v’s base price.

The C-MAX Energi plug-in hybrid will follow later this year with better electric-mode fuel economy and overall driving range than the Prius plug-in hybrid.

“C-MAX Hybrid offers better fuel economy, performance, technology and functionality than Prius v – and C-MAX Hybrid customers will pay less at the dealership and at the pump,” said Ken Czubay, vice president, U.S. Marketing, Sales and Service. “Ford is delivering the power of choice for leading fuel economy across its lineup – from EcoBoost to electrified vehicles – because customers increasingly want to save money at the pump, even as gas prices rise over time.”

The C-MAX Hybrid blends fuel economy with performance, with projected best-in-class horsepower and torque along with Ford’s third-generation powersplit technology that allows for higher speed while in electric mode than Toyota Prius v.

C-MAX Hybrid benefits from 20 years of research and innovation behind the software and hardware technology driving it, with many of Ford’s almost 500 hybrid vehicle-related patents contained within.

That means that along with SYNC® with MyFord Touch®, drivers get class-exclusive features like hands-free liftgate (offering hands-free cargo access with a simple kicking motion), SmartGauge® with EcoGuide, regenerative braking and an advanced lithium-ion (li-ion) battery pack that is being used for the first time in a Ford hybrid.

C-MAX Hybrid – being built on Ford’s global C-segment platform – also benefits from a proven design and nameplate with more than 156,000 units of the gasoline version sold in Europe since its 2010 launch.

Room to move
C-MAX Hybrid is a compact hybrid utility vehicle jam-packed with features and room for five people and cargo.

The vehicle has a high roofline (63.9 inches) offering ample interior space and flexibility. C-MAX Hybrid offers 99.7 cubic feet of passenger space compared with 97 cubic feet in Prius v. The spacious C-MAX Hybrid also provides greater headroom in both front and rear seats than Prius v (41/39.4 inches vs. 39.6/38.6 inches).

For cargo, C-MAX Hybrid has 60/40 split-fold rear seats that easily fold flat with 54.3 cubic feet of space behind the first row and 24.5 cubic feet behind the second row.

Tech-savvy
C-MAX Hybrid features the company’s innovative hands-free liftgate, allowing for quick and easy access to the cargo area without messing with keys. A gentle kicking motion under the rear bumper opens the liftgate when used in combination with a key fob the user keeps in his or her pocket or purse that tells the car it’s OK to engage. The same motion can close the liftgate.

The vehicle also features the newest version of MyFord Touch to help inform, enlighten, engage and empower drivers. MyFord Touch offers multiple ways for customers to manage and control their phone, navigation, entertainment and climate functions through voice commands, menus accessed through controls on the steering wheel, touch screens, buttons or knobs.

C-MAX Hybrid also offers the next generation of SmartGauge with EcoGuide. Designed to help drivers get the most from the C-MAX Hybrid, information such as instantaneous fuel economy can be displayed on the left cluster to help drivers more closely monitor how their driving behavior affects the vehicle’s efficiency.

The left cluster also shows Brake Coach, a feature that helps drivers optimize their use of the braking system so that driving range can be enhanced through proper braking techniques. In the right cluster, redesigned imagery of green leaves shows overall driving efficiency – as drivers improve their efficient driving, they are rewarded with more leaves.

Quality and ingenuity
The 2013 Ford C-MAX Hybrid is new, but its software and hardware technology have been evolving for nearly two decades.

C-MAX Hybrid is powered through the combination of a gasoline engine and a battery-driven electric motor. When powered by gasoline, the C-MAX Hybrid uses the all-new 2.0-liter Atkinson-cycle four-cylinder engine – a powerful and fuel-efficient engine and among the most advanced non-turbocharged four-cylinder powertrains Ford has ever offered.

The electric motor of the C-MAX Hybrid is powered by an advanced li-ion battery system designed to maximize use of common, high-quality components, such as control board hardware that has proven field performance in Ford’s critically acclaimed hybrid vehicles.

C-MAX Hybrid also offers Ford’s next-generation powersplit architecture that allows the electric motor and gasoline-powered engine to work together or separately to maximize efficiency. The engine also can operate independently of vehicle speed, charging the batteries or providing power to the wheels as needed. The motor alone can provide sufficient power to the wheels in low-speed, low-load conditions and work with the engine at higher speeds.

In the C-MAX Hybrid, the li-ion battery pack is recharged when the gasoline engine is in operation. Further, the regenerative braking system can recapture more than 95 percent of the braking energy that would otherwise be lost, and is able to use that power to help charge the battery. C-MAX Hybrid requires no plug-in charging.

Made in U.S.A.
C-MAX Hybrid is being produced at Ford’s Wayne, Mich.-based Michigan Assembly Plant alongside Focus, Focus Electric and Focus ST. e.

It is one of five electrified vehicles Ford plans to produce in North America in 2012. In addition to C-MAX Energi, the other vehicles include Focus Electric, Fusion Hybrid and Fusion Energi plug-in hybrid. .